Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that affects the lower esophageal sphincter. There are many people experiencing GERD, including pregnant women. In fact it is the most common digestive condition to cause heartburn or acid indigestion.
In GERD, the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus, causing discomfort and could lead to esophageal mucosal injury. This happens because of a damaged lower esophageal sphincter. When this sphincter doesn’t close all the way, the content can leak from the stomach to the esophagus.
This health condition is extremely common. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
You may find that you have GERD if you have following symptoms:
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
You should go to see you doctor or take test to diagnose with GERD when your signs and symptoms occur at least twice each week or if GERD cause any difficulties in your daily life. GERD can be treated by changing lifestyles and over-the-counter medications. Sometimes, it requires strong medications or even surgery to relieve the symptoms.
Stomach acid or bile into the esophagus is determined to be the main causes of GERD.
Naturally, food and liquid will flow down into your stomach. When you swallow, the lower esophageal sphincter around the bottom part of your esophagus will relax to let the foods go to your stomach. After that, it closes again.
However, if abnormalities or weaknesses happen in this valve, it will allow the stomach’s content to flow back up into your esophagus. This process is called acid reflux. When acid reflux happens repeatedly, it can cause other gastrodigestive symptoms.
Your risk of GERD can be increased by many factors, such as:
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
Your doctor will base on your symptoms to diagnose GERD. Probably, some tests may be performed to confirm your condition, such as:
Many people treat GERD by using over-the-counter treatments at home, which may include:
You may need surgery and other procedures if your symptoms get worse and medications don’t help.
GERD can be controlled by changing some habits which affects your health. You can consider trying these methods to get relieved:
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.