By: My Nguyen, Medically reviewed by: Dr. Duyen Le.
Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They may appear inside the rectum or around the anus. This is usually a result of straining during a bowel movement. The type of hemorrhoid depends on where it occurs.
Hemorrhoids are not serious and contagious. They usually resolve on their own or can be easily treated with medications.
Hemorrhoids are very common. According to researches by age 50, almost half have had an episode of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids affect both men and woman, but are more common in pregnant women and patients with either chronic constipation or diarrhea.
The common signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids are:
Most discomfort and pain are caused by external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids usually do not cause any pain.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
You should call your doctor if any of the following:
Your hemorrhoids may be a sign of as serious health condition. It is important to get checked with your doctor.
Hemorrhoids are caused by swollen veins that develop from an increased pressure in the lower rectum. Factors that cause this pressure may include:
There are many risk factors for hemorrhoids, such as:
You should consult your doctor for more details.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
To give you a proper diagnosis, your doctor may perform the following test:
Some hemorrhoids may go away on their own. But some hemorrhoids that cause symptoms may need treatment. These treatment options may include:
Hemorrhoid removal, also known as hemorrhoidectomy, may be required if all other options fail.
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with hemorrhoids:
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
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Hemorrhoids .http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/hemorrhoids/Pages/facts.aspx. Accessed July 14, 2016.
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Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017