By: Khoa Trang, Medically reviewed by: Dr. Duyen Le.
Infection is the attack and increase very quickly of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally exist within the body.
An infection may localize or it may spread through the blood to become systemic (body wide). However, some natural microorganisms that live in the body are not considered infections. For example, bacteria that normally live within the mouth and intestine are not infections.
Bacteria and viruses are too tiny to be seen by the naked eye. They can cause similar symptoms and are often spread in the same way, but that’s where the similarities end.
Distinguish between bacteria and viruses are important for either the diagnosis or the treatment.
Infections are extremely common. They can affect patients at any age. They can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
The common symptoms of an infection are:
All symptoms above are ways the immune system tries to rid the body of infectious organisms. But bacterial and viral infections are dissimilar in many other important aspects, most of them due to the organisms’ structural differences and the way they respond to medications.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above orhave any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Both types of infections are caused by microbes bacteria and viruses, they may also spread by the same way such as:
There are many risk factors for an infections, such as:
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
Exception the flu which is not a life-threatening disease, you should consult your doctor if you think you have a bacterial or viral infection.
In some cases, it’s difficult to determine the causes exactly of an infection because many ailments, including pneumonia, meningitis, and diarrhea can be caused by either bacteria or viruses. But your doctor often can define the cause through your medical history and physical exam.
A blood or urine test is sometimes needed to help confirm a diagnosis, or a “culture test” of tissue to identify bacteria or viruses. Occasionally, a biopsy of affected tissue may be required.
Bacterial infection treatment
Doctors usually treat bacterial infections with antibiotics. They either kill bacteria or stop them multiplying.
But since antibiotic resistance is a growing problem, antibiotics may be prescribed only for serious bacterial infections.
Viral infection treatment
The treatment of viral infections can include:
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with infections (bacterial and viral):
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Differences between bacterial and viral infection. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/bacterial-vs-viral-infection. Accessed December 27, 2016
Bacterial and Viral Infections. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/bacterial-and-viral-infections#2. Accessed December 27, 2016
Viruses and bacteria. http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/conditions/infections/a5560/viruses-and-bacteria/. Accessed December 27, 2016
Review Date: August 22, 2017 | Last Modified: August 22, 2017