Nội dung bài viết / Table of Contents
This post is also available in: Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a disease that causes inflammation in connective tissue and can damage several organs. SLE occurs when there is problem with immune system and it attacks the body.
It can affect joints, skin, lungs, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, nervous system, and blood cells. SLE may also lead to Raynaud’s phenomenon, which causes spasms in blood vessels and pain and discoloration in the fingers, toes, ears, and nose
SLE affects about 1 in 2000 people, five times more women than men, especially for women who are pregnant or during menstruation; it is most often diagnosed in people 15 to 40 years old. African American and people of Asian and Hispanic ancestry get SLE more often than Caucasians.
Symptoms depend on which organ is involved and usually are:
SLE may affect memory and mood and cause stress or confusion. There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
There are many diseases related to immune system disorder but SLE is the most common one. You should see your doctor if you have a unexpected rash, long term fever and pain in any organs and fatigue.
The cause is unknown, but hereditary and environmental factors may increase the risk of having SLE. People who are often exposed to the sun or live in environments that more likely exposed to virus, or often have stress are more at risk of this disease. Sex and hormone is also part of the cause. Many researchers believe that hormone estrogen plays a role in the formation of disease.
Certain factors may increase your risk of developing SLE:
Not having risk factors does not mean you can not get hamstring strains. These factors are for reference only. You should consult your doctor for more details.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
The doctor can make a diagnosis from a medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. X-rays may be done.
Laboratory tests include erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), complete blood cell count (CBC), antinuclear antibody (ANA) and urinalysis. The ESR measures inflammation. The CBC counts blood cells and platelets.
The doctor may order an anti DNA test, which is more specific for SLE. The doctor may suggest seeing a rheumatologist (specialist in joint problems)
Treatment depends on symptoms and which organs are involved. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often given first.
In addition, the doctor may also prescribe prednisone, which works quickly.
If they don’t help enough, disease-modifying medicines can slow the disease. These include hydroxychloroquine, methotrexate, azathioprine, and cyclophosphamide.
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage systemic lupus erythematosus?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with systemic lupus erythematosus :
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.