Washing hands and washing hands with soap have long been considered as one of the measures to prevent hand diseases, foot-and-mouth disease, gastrointestinal diseases, hepatitis A, E, …, helminthic is very effective and hand washing is also very important. For effective handwashing, the Ministry of Health has issued instructions for a six-step routine handwashing process. In addition, since 2008, the Ministry of Health has been coordinating with Ministries, agencies, mass organizations, socio-political organizations, provincial / municipal people’s committees in the country and the Unilever Fund in Vietnam, each year, often organizes a rally to celebrate World Handwashing Organization Day, initiated by the Global Handwashing Organization and launched by the United Nations (15th October every year) aims to raise awareness of the importance of hand washing with soap, to prevent diseases simply, effectively and in everyone’s capacity. As part of this activity, the Ministry of Health calls on sectors, levels of government, mass organizations, press organizations and news agencies to collaborate with the health sector to promote communication activities in various forms to prevent people from becoming aware of the importance and benefits of handwashing with soap to prevent disease. At the same time, ensure that all people, including the elderly, children, the disabled and ethnic minorities, are included in all policies, programs and activities that encourage handwashing with soap. Formulate and promulgate policies, regulations and instructions for facility construction and maintenance, as well as handwashing with soap, so that everyone is accessible and easy to use, adapted to each other; as well as ensuring that all agencies, units, factories, health facilities, schools, public places have facilities where hand washing is provided with sufficient clean water, soap or detergent, easy to use and adapt to all. In addition, conduct research on inequalities in handwashing with soap in different areas from which to develop appropriate policies; and the promotion of handwashing education in schools to encourage students from an early age to wash their hands with soap.
In response to this activity, health facilities also organized hand-launch ceremonies to protect life, including hospitals, as most follow the surveys and research done in hospitals, a significant proportion of health workers do not have sufficient knowledge of hand hygiene and are not able to wash their hands regularly, as directed by the Ministry of Health. In a hospital, the hospital’s board of directors launched a campaign with the commitment of all hospital staff to strengthen hand hygiene compliance to reduce health-related infection. At the same time, it is also a safety measure for health workers and patients undergoing medical examinations and treatments, it is planned to develop a program to improve hand hygiene in hospitals with specific actions such as: develop at least 5 measures to encourage the strengthening of hand hygiene; equip sinks, clean water and soap solution to wash hands for all clinics and operating rooms; equip rapid hand disinfectant sprays for examination tables, ambulances and patient rooms. In addition, the hospital’s board of directors will ensure that hospital staff are respected by all staff in hand hygiene, by ensuring that 100% of health care workers receive training in the field of hand hygiene. hand hygiene at least once a year. The results of surveillance should provide a measure to improve handwashing in hospitals and at least one research topic on annual hand hygiene.
Besides, in media activities aimed at changing the hygiene habits of Vietnamese, companies producing and distributing handwashing water are always a positive factor. The message not only conveys the proper hygiene message, but the manufacturer also helps users to remember when to wash their hands with television programs, the stickers on the stickers in the soap box …
A World Bank study found that only 13% of people wash their hands with soap during “critical times” (for example, after going to the bathroom after washing their anus before eating or before eating) , which is even lower in poor households and ethnic minorities. Therefore, the project “School Sanitation Initiative”, implemented in An Giang province since 2010 with the support of UNICEF, aimed to provide children with a positive attitude towards children. children. sustainably maintain children’s hygiene habits. When children are convinced of the importance of handwashing with soap, they encourage the family and the community in which they live to adopt this healthy habit.
In the kindergartens, children are familiar with the school-based sanitation program, which is trained to thoroughly wash hands before eating and after using the toilet. But at home, many children have to remind their parents: “Why did not the parents wash their hands?”. And many mothers responded: “It does not matter if you wash your hands with water” Or “I washed my hands already, why should I do it again?”. When asked why they do not want to wash their hands with soap, many mothers said that it’s enough to wash your hands with water, to see white hands – no smell, it’s clean; Or do not hear / see someone talking a lot about the importance of washing their hands with soap; Or know but forget. As a result, activities initiated in the community to promote the importance of hand washing have not been effective in adolescents and adults. According to a scientific report published in 2010 at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 64% of mothers did not wash their hands before feeding their children. Mothers do not pay much attention to teaching children a sense of hygiene from an early age, including a very simple habit: wash your hands with soap after playing, after cleaning and before eating.