Pterygium, or also known as Surfer’s Eye, is a condition that makes the membrane that covers the white part of your eyes turn cloudy. It often affect people who spend a lot of time outdoor, especially surfers, hence it isthe named as Surfer’s Eye.
It is a non-cancerous growth that is often pinkish in color, raisinged slightly and havinge visible blood vessels on them. It usually starts at the nasal (inner corner) of your eye and spread outwardtoward too the eye center.
The growth may reach the cornea – the part that cover the pupil of your eye. The problem may occur on one or both eyes. When it affects both eyes, it is called a bilateral pterygium.
It’s most often seen in young adults ages 20 to 40 and quite rare in children. It appears to be more common in men than in women. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Pterygium normally doesn’t cause any serous symptoms. It might feel like you have a foreign object in your eyes. The common symptoms of pterygium are usually mild:
If the growth reaches your cornea, it will cause impairment of vision. There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
The exact cause of pterygium isn’t known. Some scientists suggest that it might be the result of sunlight exposure, leading to dry out eyes.
It is more common in people who have a lot of exposure to sunlight and wind, such as people who work outdoors, People who live in tropical climate or dry climate are at higher risk of getting pterygiummore likely to have this condition.
There are many risk factors for pterygium, such as:
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
Your doctor can diagnose pterygium by looking at the appearance of the growth in your eye or physical exam of the eyes and eyelid. Special tests are not needed most of the time.
If your doctor needs to do additional tests, they might include:
Pterygium usually doesn’t require treatment if symptoms are mild. If you find the pterygium symptoms extremely discomforting, you can ask your doctor for recommendation reduce them with:
In more serious cases or if it blocks vision , Your doctor might suggest recommend surgery to remove the pterygium if eye drops or ointments don’t provide relief. Surgery can also be used to remove the growth for cosmetic reasons or if it blocks vision. However, there is a risk that the pterygium returns and becomes more aggressive after the surgery. Your eyes may also feel dry and irritated afterward.
You should discuss with your doctor about surgery if:
Pterygium surgery typically takes 30 to 45 minutes. During the surgery, the pterygium will be removed and your conjunctiva (surface eye tissue) or preserved amniotic membrane (placenta) are used to fill the empty space. If you don’t’ fill in the empty space, the risk of recurrence increased up to 50%, where are with the graft it is reduced to 5%-10%.
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with pterygium:
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you. Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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