Mastodynia is a Greek word that actually refers to the breast pain. The tenderness in the breast can be referred to the same problem. Breast pain is itself considered as one of the greatest symptoms that can identify the disease.
The pain in the breast can be mild to severe. It depends upon the condition of the patient and the reason behind the pain. The breast pain can last longer if not treated properly.
How common is Mastodynia?
Mastodynia is quite common in females but males can also have the problem. There are very rare chances that the males having the same kind of the problem. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
What are the symptoms of Mastodynia?
Breast pain is usually classified as “cyclic” (cyclical) or “non-cyclic” (non-cyclical).
Symptoms of cyclical breast pain:
Symptoms of non-cyclical breast pain:
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
What causes Mastodynia?
There are some major causes of Mastodynia. As the problem is quite common in females, menstruation can be a major cause. Females having pregnancy at the young age may have to face such type of problem. Feeding can trigger the same issue as well. There are some fibrocystic changes that may cause breast tenderness. Females having mastitis also complain about the breast pain and the tenderness. There is a common type of the syndrome called Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), due to this syndrome there may be pain in the breast. Large intake of alcohol can also cause mild pain in the breast.
What increases my risk for Mastodynia?
Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is Mastodynia diagnosed?
If a woman is pre-menopausal, the doctor will try to determine whether the breast pain might be cyclical.
The doctor will probably ask:
The doctor will listen to the patient’s lungs and heart, and also check her chest and abdomen to rule out other possible conditions and illnesses.
The doctor may also conduct a clinical breast exam to determine whether there are any lumps, changes in nipple appearance, or nipple discharge. The lymph nodes in the lower neck and armpit will also be checked to determine whether they are swollen or tender to the touch.
If a breast lump or unusual thickening of an area of tissue is detected, or a specific area of breast tissue is particularly painful, the doctor may order further tests:
The patient may be asked to complete a breast pain chart, which can be used to confirm the diagnosis and help the doctor decide on the best therapy.
How is Mastodynia treated?
In the majority of cases, it is possible to solve cyclical breast pain by taking OTC (over-the-counter) painkillers and wearing well-fitted bras. Cyclical breast pain is often unpredictable — it may well just go away in time, and then come back periodically.
Being diagnosed with cyclical breast pain, as opposed to something more serious, can reassure many patients who then decide their condition is easier to live with.
Women with non-cyclical breast pain may need therapy to treat the underlying cause, for instance, with infectious mastitis, the patient will be prescribed a course of antibiotics.
Some topical NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen gel or diclofenac gel can be rubbed directly on to the painful areas. Do not rub NSAID gels onto broken skin. (“Topical” means you apply it directly onto the skin).
Coffee, caffeine, and breast pain – a study published in The Nurse Practitioner found “caffeine restriction is an effective means of management of breast pain associated with fibrocystic disease.”
Smoking and breast pain – several health authorities, hospitals, and health groups advise women with breast pain to stop smoking. The argument being that nicotine constricts the blood vessels and smoking is more likely to cause inflammation.
However, a study published in Climacteric, the Journal of the International Menopause Society, found “smoking reduces the incidence of breast tenderness in women receiving oral EPT (estrogen-progestogen therapy).”
Prescription medications for breast pain
If breast pain symptoms are severe, and none of the therapies mentioned above helped, the doctor may recommend a prescription drug.
The following medications may help alleviate the symptoms of breast pain:
Approved for the treatment of fibrocystic breast disease, a condition that causes non-cancerous growths to develop in the breasts.
Approved for treating certain breast conditions.
Approved for breast cancer treatment. Tamoxifen is also prescribed off-label for mastalgia.
Also approved for breast cancer therapy and used as an off-label treatment for mastalgia.
Another breast cancer drug that is used off-label for breast pain.
If a woman is on the contraceptive pill, the doctor may consider making adjustments or switching to another birth control pill.
The doctor may also consider adjusting the dosage of hormone replacement therapy.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Mastodynia?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Mastodynia:
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.